HOW TO POT AN ANTHURIUM PLANT CORRECTLY?

ඔබ මෙම ලිපිය සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් කියවීමට කැමතිනම්, කරුණාකර පහත දැක්වෙන යොමුව භාවිත කරන්න.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/12yzuoIyqM4Cp-VsDV2rbdE8Ii8lK3fMm/view?usp=sharing

Necessary Material

  • Dried Coconut husk cut into pieces of ¼”x¼” size
  • Course sand without mud and organic material (Sand remained on No 5 size mesh and parts larger than 1cm removed)
  • Manure – Osmocote (N and K types)
  • Pesticides (Captan 80)

Method of potting

  1. Mix Coconut husk pieces and Course sand with 1:1 proportion;
  2. Clean and open up the holes in the bottom of the selected pot to have proper draining
  3. Fill bottom of the pot with Course sand to a height of about ½ “;
  4. Fill about 1/3 of height of pot with previously mixed medium (Follow Note 3);
  5. Place the selected Anthurium plant on the filled medium so that the roots of the plant are evenly distributed within the pot and the roots are not damaged;
  6. Spread a small amount of medium over the roots to just cover them and; add Osmocote and evenly distribute. Also, make sure that they are not too close to the plant.  If Osmocote is too close to the plant, osmocote can damage the plant.;
  7. Now you may add more medium over the manure and fill the pot so that about 1” of the height of the pot from the seam remain (Note 3);
  8. Captan 80 mixture can be prepared by mixing 1 teaspoon of Captan 80 powder in 5 liter of water.  Stir properly so that the powder is dissolved completely. ;
  9. This white color mixture shall be poured with a suitable bucket over the whole plant and the medium so that both get wet well and the mixture shall flow under the pot. (Note 5); and
  10. After another 5days, the pesticides should be poured to wet the plant and the medium.  Here, it is sufficient to wet the top layers of the medium.

Note 1: Quantity of Osmocote to be used

  • For a small plant – One tea spoon of Osmocote N
  • Larger plant close to have flowers –  One tea spoon of Osmocote K
  • Larger plant close to have flowers or a plant with flowers; and when it is planted in a larger pot (About 12” diameter) as a mother plant –  Two tea spoon of Osmocote K
  • This amount of manure is sufficient for a period of 3 ½ to 4 months

Note 2: When lager pots are selected for smaller plants, growth rate could be reduced

Note 3: Always, top most area of the stem where new leaves starts should not be covered with the medium. The height of the fill under step No 4 can be adjusted accordingly

Note 4: When filling of medium is over, the surface shall not be pressed with hand or any other way, otherwise the root system could be damaged

Note 5: Before pouring the mixture, the pot with the plant shall be placed in a stable position.  Also, prior to preparing the mixture, you shall wear suitable gloves and take other protective measures as the pesticides are poisons.

Note 6: Rather than pouring the mixture with in a short time, it is suitable to have two or three small hole with the pouring bucket so that mixture is poured over a reasonable period in order to wet the plant and the medium thoroughly.

Note 7: After completion of potting the plant, the pot with the plant should be kept in a shady and secured place for a period of not less than two weeks so that the plant is not moved or shake.  If not, new roots do not start.

8 FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF ANTHURIUM

when we try to understand the factors affecting the growth of Anthurium, it is very important to understand where Anthurium originated and environmental conditions of that area. Anthurium originated in the tropical rainforest of  South America where there is high humidity and temperature due to the existence of this forest area close to the equator and in a high rainfall zone. At the same time, Anthurium species is an herbaceous epiphytes which means, originally, the plant grows on trees and absorbed required nutrient from air, water and the decayed material deposited around the plant. So that, it is possible to list out following essential factors which require for a proper growth of Anthurium plants:

1. Humidity

Humidity is the most important factor for Anthurium and it prefers to have a humidity around 80% for a proper growth. During the night, it can even go up to 90%. Having a value of less than 65% for a long periods could damage the plant. The high humidity helps Anthurium plant to absorb required nutrients and transform them into living tissues by the process of anabolism; metabolize constructively. When the plant grows under the proper humidity, leaves and the flowers of the plant give a shiny and healthy look. When the humidity is lower, roots get weaker and plants become dry.

2. Temperature

Temperature of the surrounding area should not be more than 35°C for a proper growth and between 24 – 28°C is most suitable. during the night, temperature should not fall below 15°C. Areas where day time temperature is less than 15°C, are not suitable for a commercial cultivation of Anthurium. When the temperature is high, leaves and flowers get burned.

3. Light

Anthurium is naturally fond of shading. we have to imagine how Anthurium lived in South American rain forests. For a commercial cultivation of Anthurium, it is appropriate to have 20% to 30% of full sun light. This means, it needs 70% to 80% shading. When Anthurium receives less light, brightness or color of flowers get reduced and there could be damages to the leaves and flowers. However, the degree of shading required varies with the cultivar, the age of the plant, and the climate under which it is grown.

4. Growing media

The growing media to be selected should have certain properties so that it should be well aerated, good in water retention and good in drainage. This media should provide sufficient nutrient and it should help the plant to be in position. Organic material with sufficient drainage is suitable. A mixture of coconut husk (cut in to small pieces) and coarse sand is appropriate for a commercial cultivation.

5. Water

Anthuriums need sufficiently moisture throughout the day and well drained so that there is no water collected around the roots. Insufficient water will give stress to the plant and can burned tips of leaves and damage roots. Too much water also can damage roots by rotting and will make leaves yellow color.

6. Fertilizers

Most of the time, the media used for planting the Anthurium provide required nutrient for a certain period and slow releasing fertilizer like Osmocote is appropriate as it provide necessary nutrients including micro-nutrients in a continuous manner for long period. It is sufficient to repeat manuring after 3 or 4 months. Some times, liquid fertilizers are used on leaves when the plants are very small and they do not have sufficient root system to absorb nutrient.

7. Pest Management

For a commercial cultivation, it is necessary to have a proper pest management program. A controlled environment such as a net house it self gives a certain protection from insects and worms etc. But, still the plants can be damaged by very small insects and fungus which can pass through the plastic nets. Suitable pesticides should be adopted to control both insects and fungus.

8. Affection

Anthurium or any other plant means a living thing. Living things cannot survive along. Interaction with other groups is necessary. When the plant was in the reinforest, it should have an interaction with other plants, specially because, Anthurium is an herbaceous epiphytes. So they always get necessary affection from other plants or trees in the surrounding . When the plant is in your custody, the plant need your affection. It is a living thing. when you live with it for a certain period, it can identify your smell or your voice. Everyday, you visit your plants, you water them, supply necessary nutrients, touch them or look for any troubles such as insects or fungus and take immediate action to remove unnecessary things. You do not like some bad thing happening to your plants like to your children. When you give your affection to them, you also get the response or feedback. It is emotional. They love you. So, plants grow in a healthy way. Then, they are more beautiful and gorgeous.

For more information

ORIGIN OF ANTHURIUM

The Anthurium, its genus name, comes from two Greek words ‘Oura’ and ‘Anthos’ which means “tail flower”. This name is quite appropriate for this plant due the shape of its flower which consists of a spathe and a spadix.  The family name that the Anthurium plant belongs to is  Arum (Araceae).  The Anthurium plant is often growing as an Epiphyte on other plants.  The moisture and nutrient required for the growth of the plant are absorbed from the air, rain, water (in marine environments) or from debris accumulating around it.

Red Fungi in Tusmanian Rainforest.  Thanks to Kacharava – https://images.app.goo.gl/wPepYKbHyvRzK4WD6 

The Anthurium plant has originated in the tropical rainforest of  South America, specially in the area between southwestern Colombia and northwestern Ecuador.  These plants have been there untouched for several hundreds of years and there had been no any interest on this plant by native people.  It could be due to that those plants had no such beautiful look what we are looking for today with different varieties of Anthurium.  A businessman called Samuel Samon brought Anthurim first time to Hawaii and introduced to the people.  In the latter part of 1930’s, people learned to propagate Anthurium through seeds and this made a vast change of producing different varieties of this plant with different shapes and colors through selective breeding.

In 1940s in Hawaii, this Anthurium became an economically valuable plant and popular among tourists.  Thereafter, with the invention of the Airplane, Anthurium plantation become an international business.

Scientific name of this beautiful flower is Anthurium andraeanum.  people of the world named this flower with different names such as  Flamingo Flower, Laceleaf, Tailflower, Flamingo Lily, Painter’s Palette etc.

References:

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