This is a very beautiful and attractive variety of Anthurium. The tender Spathe is bright red in color and with the age, its color get darkened and become blood red. The Spathe is heart shaped. The Spadix is also yellow or pink color when it is young and with the time, it turns to dark red. Tender leaves are reddish green in color and heart shaped with curved a little upward. There is a high demand for black varieties in the Anthurium market.
This is a Bangkok Anthurium variety with light charming colors. The color of the young spathe is light shiny pink. With the time, this color becomes dark pink and then white; and finally white and green bi-color. The shape of Spathe is nearly heart shape and almost flat when the flower is young and when aging it turns to a cup shape. Tender Spadix is partly red and partly yellow in color and with time it turns to red. Finally it becomes reddish green. The leaves are dark green in color, heart shaped and curved little upward. When the plant is having a number of flowers, it is very beautiful as the different flowers give different colors.
This Anthurium variety is having a spathe with bright purple color. With time this color get blurred and become pink or red. The shape of the Spathe is a blend of heart shape and cup shape. Spadix is dark purple in color and long. The leaves are dark green in color, heart shaped and curved little upward. This variety is having a higher demand and Popular as a house plant.
This is a Bangkok Anthurium variety with bright colors. The color of the spathe is bright red at its middle portion and towards the sides it is reddish green. The Spathe is long and twisted upward at sides. Spadix is pink in color. The leaves are dark green in color, heart shaped and curved little upward. This variety is having a higher demand and Popular as a house plant.
Princess Amalia is a beautiful and calm variety of Anthurium. The color of the spathe is light pink at its bottom part and towards the tip it is red. Because of this quality, the plant can be easily identified. With the time, this light pink area changes to white. Latter part of its life, the color of Spathe turns in to green and pink. The Spathe is having a heart shape. Tender Spadix is red and with the age, it turns in to dark red and reddish green at the end. The leaves are dark green in color and heart shaped with curved little upward. This is a good variety as a house plant.
Sharade White is a beautiful variety of Anthurium. The color of the spathe is pearl white and it is having a heart shape. when aging, spathe turns in to green color. young Spadix is yellow and white in color. With the time, this color of spadix changes to pale white and then green. This is a very attractive variety of Anthurium and there is a high demand for the flower for the decorative purposes. Leaves are also having a heart shape and dark green in color.
In order to identify a variety of Anthurium, it is necessary to understand the various parts of an Anthurium flower and a plant. Following figure gives the details of different parts of an Anthurium plant.
When you closely observe the Anthurium plants of different varieties; you, your self, can understand how their various qualities vary from variety to variety. Also, with the same variety, still you will find variation of qualities with the age of the flower and the leaves. Mainly you can give your attention to following qualities;
Color of the Leaves
Although the color of the Anthurium leaves are normally green, it varies with the variety. Most common colors are greenish and reddish colors. Also, the young leaves are having light colors and with the age, the color of leaves get darker. When young leaves are red color, with the age, the reddish color turns to green or reddish green. New leaves are shiny and with the time, the shine of the leaves get reduced.
Shape of the Leaves
Different Anthurium varieties are having different shapes for
their leaves. The most common shape is
heart shape. Sometimes, the leave is cup
shaped rather than flat. Certain
varieties have longer leaves. In
addition, the form of the veins and the mid rib varies with the variety.
In the case of a small plant, there are no flowers and
therefore, the qualities of the leaves mainly help to identify a plant.
Color of Spathe
Color of spathe varies from variety to variety. You would observe, mainly, there are number
of common colors such as white, red, pink, yellow, black, green, and so
on. When you take one of the color,
still you will find a large number of varieties with same color, but with
slight variations. At the same time,
one can observe some varieties with a mix of two or more colors. Most of the time, they have two colors and they
are named as by-color varieties.
Although, one identifies a variety with the color of its
spathe, this color of the Spathe also changes with the age of the flower. One good example is shown with the photograph
given below. Flower 1 is a young flower
and its spathe has a bright, uniform and clear color. When it is getting old (Flower 2), the brightness
has reduced and the color is being faded away.
Also some different colors are adding to the spathe. When the flower is getting older (Flower 3) the
most of its original color and brightness has gone and it is now with a
different color. More than that,
softness of the spathe has reduced and the spathe is getting hard with the age.
Shape of Spathe
Not only the color, but also the shape of spathe varies from variety to variety. There are several common shapes such as Ribbon Shape, heart shape, Cup shape, Tulip Shape etc. Also, there are certain varieties with little different to these shapes.
Color and texture of the Spadix
The spadix of the Anthurium is an interesting thing. Although we say an Anthurium Flower, what we
see as a whole is not really the flower. The real flowers are on the surface of the
Spadix, a bunch of flowers. There are a
larger number of flowers. Once the spathe
opens up, flowers like some small granular parts are forming on the Spadix and flowers
on the spadix start blooming from bottom of the spadix. With time, blooming
spreads towards the top of the spadix.
Therefore, just after opening the spathe, the spadix has a very tender
and uniform color and it is very soft. After
some time, part of the spadix has bloomed and balance part is yet to be
bloomed. This can be felt when one
touches or watches the spadix. Then, the
Spadix is in two color and there are two textures on the Spadix. This change is used to decide the correct
time of cutting an Anthurium flower so that the
Anthurium cut flower can be kept for a maximum period without changing its
quality. The change of Spadix with the
time can be easily understand with the following photographs. After pollination of flowers, seeds are
formed on the Spadix.
Further, it has been observed that the tip of the spadix
changes and sometimes it is flat and sometimes pointed shape
Color of the stalk
Stalk of the Anthurium flower and leaves take different colors in different varieties. Like the other parts of the plant, the stalk also is having a tender color when the flower or the leave is young and it gets darker or color change when it is older.
It has been found that Anthurium varieties with reddish or
blackish Spathe, their stalk and younger roots also show similar colors.
Now the important thing is that you need to understand and get the experience of these variations of different varieties in order to identify a certain variety of Anthurium. Because of these variations, there are thousands of varieties of Anthurium found in the world and therefore, Anthurium is so colorful and beautiful. Due to the change of colors of the flower, leaves and the stalk with the age, you will find a number of different colors in the same plant which gives a Georges look. So, it is well suited for any residential decorations, using cut flowers or as an indoor plant, and for any ceremonial occasion. Due to this reason, Anthurium flowers and plants are having a great demand in the international market.
The categorization of Anthurium has been done in different manner i.e.: based of the origin, usage and physical appearance of the flower and the foliage.
The Anthurium specie is an herbaceous epiphytes which means, originally, the plant grows on trees. They absorb necessary nutrients from air, water and decayed material accumulated around the plant. Anthurium belongs to the Arum family (Araceae). Mainly there are two Anthurium species, namely the Anthurium Scherzerianum and the Anthurium Andreanum.
This type of Anthurium has round or oval shape (Egg shape) spathe and a thin flower spike. Some times, this type is also known as Flamingo flower due to its pink color, but it is also found in other colors like bright orange and purple.
This type is also having a similar look, but its spathe has a plastic and lacquer-like shine. Anthurium Andreanum is different from Anthurium Scherzerianum with its way of flowering and blossoming, and the arrangement of the flowers on the stalks. The spathe is having a heart shape and its flowering spike is thick and straight.
Also the Anthurium is categorize based on the shape of its spathe. Following are some of such common types.
This type has been given its name due to its tulip shaped flower.
Flowers of these Anthurium types have a narrow ribbon shape.
When people talk about Anthurium, naturally they feel it is heart shaped. It is the traditional shape.
This type also gives its name totally due to its shape of the spathe. it is round and there is a depth rather than a flat spathe.
Other types of categorization of Anthurium
Categorization of Anthurium has been done due to various reasons. Anthurium is an item that spreads very rapidly all over the world. Although one plant is given a specific name due to scientific reasons or based on the locality of the origin or as a hybrid variety, the same name is very differently used in other part of the world that they made them their own because people love Anthurium so much. Because of that, one variety of plant can be categorized under more than one group. Following are some of the several such types;
Lady Jane Anthurium
This is a type of Anthurium developed in Hawaii in the early stages of producing hybrid varieties and their flowers are smaller and more narrow than other types. The color of the spathe is light red and spadix, white or pink. The stem is long and narrow. But now a days, the name Lady Jane is commonly used for a series of Anthurium varieties with similar shape and size. This type can be easily cultivated in tropical countries. Propagation of Lady Jane plants are successful by dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs. Plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seeds.
Cut Flower Anthurium and Potted Anthurium
Cut flower is a flower or a bud which is separated from the mother plant. This name is not specific to Anthurium and it is relevant for many other flowers. Cut flower is required when it is necessary to use the flower in place other than in the mother plant it self, specially for decorative purposes. Normally cut flowers are used in vases or used to decorate various locations like offices, wedding halls, auditoriums etc. and some times used to offer as gifts.
After separated from the mother plant, most of the flowers cannot maintain their quality for more than a few days. But, specialty of Anthurium is that the cut flowers can be kept for more than three weeks without changing its original quality when the flower is plucked at the right time. So they can be easily transported to distance places and even overseas without damaging the flower. Also there are many treatments that can be adopted to increase the life time of the cut flower. Therefore, there is a big demand for Anthurium cut flower in the international market.
There are many types of Anthurium cultivated for cut flowers and normally the size of the plant and the flower are comparatively larger. So it is difficult to cultivate them in pots. Also, there are certain varieties which relatively small its plant and the flower, and hence they can be cultivated in pots and known as potted Anthurium. The potted Anthuriums are frequently used for decorating and indoor landscaping as they are attractive and looks beautiful as the whole plant. They have an unprecedented flowering span, and remarkably easy to care for.